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Find Out More About the Various Types of Orthoses

Orthotics is basically referring to the medical specialty that is more concerned with the design, application and manufacture of a specific device called as orthosis. This specific specialty of the medical field is basically a combination of other fields such as biomechanics, engineering, anatomy and physiology, and pathophysiology. The singular form for the said device is orthosis, while orthoses is its plural form, and it can be worn or applied externally to the individual who needs it.

The primary purpose of its manufacture and design is to alter, change or modify the functional and the structural aspect of two systems of the body, namely the skeletal and the neuromuscular system. The common uses of the different orthoses is to restrict movement in a specified direction; to assist the movement of the bones, joint, and muscles in a general manner; to limit the movement, immobilize, control or guide the movement of a body segment, joint and extremity for a specified reason; to correct the function and the shape of the patient’s body part; to provide the patient with an easier movement capability; to reduce the pain felt by the patient; to aid rehabilitation from any fractures after a cast is removed; as well as, to reduce the weight bearing forces of the patient. The various health conditions that can definitely obtain beneficial factors from using orthoses are stroke, spinal cord injury, peripheral neuropathy, scoliosis, plantar fasciitis, polio, joint laxity or arthritis, paralysis, spina bifida and cerebral palsy. The various materials that are commonly used in the production and design of orthoses are fabric, thermoplastics, carbon fiber, metals, elastic, and EVA or ethylene-vinyl acetate.

There are basically three different classifications of orthoses, namely the lower-limb orthoses, the upper-limb orthoses, and the spinal orthoses. Upper-limb is a term that refers to the upper extremities of a person, and the orthoses for the said body parts are designed either as a mechanical or an electromechanical device and this device is being applied to the arm or arm segments. There are basically a lot of different kinds of upper-limb orthoses, namely the clavicular and shoulder orthoses, elbow orthoses, hand orthoses, forearm-wrist-hand orthoses, forearm-wrist orthoses, forearm-wrist-thumb orthoses, functional arm orthoses, and arm orthoses. The examples of the spinal orthoses are the Charleston bending brace, the Milwaukee brace, and the Boston brace; and this is being used for the condition wherein there is an abnormal curvature of the spine, and spinal fractures. The term that refers to the lower extremities of an individual is lower-limb, and that include the ankle, the foot and the knee. There are basically a lot of different examples of the lower-limb orthoses, namely the KAFOs or the knee-ankle-foot orthosis, the ankle-foot orthosis, the foot orthoses, the KO or the knee orthosis, and the prophylactic braces.

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